Grammar - Advanced
'The ___ The ____' Comparatives
We use this structure to say that the more one thing changes, the more another thing changes.
The larger a bottle of whiskey you drink, the drunker you will be.
After each "the", we can use either an adjective or an adverb in the comparative form.
The more in a hurry we are, the more slowly he eats!
These sentences are often truncated when the rest is understood:
The earlier we arrive at the beach, the better. (...it is for us.)
And there is one expression in English which talks about the fact that a party is better when there are a lot of people present:
The more, the merrier.
Modals Of Deduction
We can use modal verbs to express doubt and certainty in certain situations in the present and past. The modal verbs we use in these sentences are can't, may, might, could and must.
Here are examples in the present and past using each of these modals:
We use can't in these situations to say that something is not possible:
Winston can't be at the theater tonight, I saw him in a café ten minutes ago.
May, Might and Could
May, Might and Could can be used to say something is possible. We are not sure if it is true or not, but it is possible.
She might be a teacher. She did study education at university.
We use must when we are convinced, totally sure about something.
They must be out. Look, all the lights are off!
Despite, Although, etc.
There are many ways in English of joining two contrasting ideas together. But each one has its own particular set of rules.
Take these two ideas:
It rained but we played tennis.
This can come at the beginning or in the middle of one sentence.
Although it rained, we played tennis.
Though is used exactly as although is used.
Though it rained, we played tennis.
Even though is used exactly as although is used.
Even though it rained, we played tennis.
However is used at the start of a second sentence.
It rained. However, we played tennis.
Nevertheless is used exactly as however is used.
It rained. Nevertheless, we played tennis.
We can use despite with a noun following, a gerund verb or the expression "despite the fact that".
Despite the rain, we played tennis.
In spite of
In spite of is used exactly as despite is used.
In spite of the rain, we played tennis.
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