Grammar - Advanced
In reported questions, tenses and word order change.
"Where is the bank?"
You can note:
1. The word order is that of an affirmative sentence.
Look at these other examples:
"How many cigarettes do you smoke?"
"How long have you worked in this office?"
When we ask yes/no questions, we used if or whether:
"Do you live in a big flat?"
"Do we pay extra for the breakfast?"
Be Used To
We use "to be used to" to say someone is accustomed to something or to doing something. After this structure, we can use a noun or a verb in the -ing form:
I'm not used to living in Britain.
Consider Jane. She worked in a supermarket in a small village for many years and now she lives in the city and works in a bigger supermarket. There are many things that are very different for her:
She isn't used to all the traffic.
We use "get used to" to describe the change from being not used to something to becoming used to it.
I wasn't used to working so hard, but after two months in this company, I got used to it.
Don't confuse "be used to doing" with "used to do" which we saw in the Intermediate level on this page. "used to do" means a past habit.
I used to drive a Ferrari, but now I drive a Mercedes.
British And American English
The English spoken in places like London, Manchester and Liverpool is 98% identical to that spoken in New York, Los Angeles and Dallas. Only 2% difference!! Having said that, there is the same difference in the genes of the chimpanzee and the human!
The biggest difference between British and American English is in vocabulary. For example:
And the list goes on and on and on!
There are not many differences in grammar, but there are some between the two types of English.
The present perfect is used in British English to describe an action that happened at some time in the past.
Have you seen the new Spike Lee film?
Whereas in American English, it is alright to use the past simple:
Did you see the new Spike Lee film yet?
Shall is used with I and We in positive and interrogative sentences in British English:
Shall I help you with that bag?
But shall is unusual in American English:
Will I help you with that bag?
There are many examples of differences in UK and US spelling
gotten is the past participle of get in American - in Britain, it's got.
This beer has gotten hot in the sun. (US)
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