Cambridge B1 Preliminary

B1 Preliminary - Reading Multiple Choice Exercise 9

Read the text and then for each question, choose which of the four possible answers is best. Think also about why the other three answers are not possible.


How To Help Wildlife in the Garden

Most people would agree that wildlife is a joy to observe, especially in our own gardens. From fluttering butterflies to the humming bees, there's so much to appreciate in our gardens. But, as David Attenborough has often reminded us, our local wildlife needs our help to flourish.

"Helping wildlife in our gardens is more important now than ever before," says wildlife expert Maria Redmond. "Small changes can make a big difference to local biodiversity. Many garden species have declined in recent years due to habitat loss, pesticides, and climate change."

One of the simplest ways to help wildlife is by creating habitats. You can start by letting a part of your garden grow wild, leaving leaves and twigs in piles to provide homes for insects. You might also consider installing a bird feeder or a small pond to attract birds and amphibians.

Another critical factor is the choice of plants. Native plants are preferable as they're more likely to attract local wildlife. They provide the right kind of food and shelter for local species. Maria advises, "When choosing plants, aim for a variety of types and heights to provide a diverse habitat."

Pesticides should be avoided if at all possible. They not only harm the pests they target, but they can also harm beneficial insects like bees and butterflies, and the creatures that feed on them. Opt for organic and natural ways to control pests instead.

Water is essential for wildlife. If you donít have space for a pond, even a shallow dish filled with water can serve as a valuable watering spot for birds and insects. Remember to change the water regularly to prevent it from becoming stagnant.

Lastly, provide safe spaces for wildlife to breed and sleep for the winter. This could be as simple as leaving a pile of logs in a corner, creating a rockery, or installing a bird or bat box.

Everyone can contribute to preserving wildlife, right in their own garden. As Maria concludes, "We donít need large spaces to make a difference. Even the smallest gardens or balconies can become a shelter for wildlife if managed correctly."

1. Why does Maria Redmond emphasise the importance of helping wildlife in our gardens today?

    Insects are taking over many gardens.

    It helps you feel useful and important.

    Local wildlife faces many threats today.

    Gardens are more important than the countryside.

2. Why are native plants recommended for gardens, according to Maria?

    They're more likely to be the right height.

    They won't die during the winter.

    You won't need to look after them.

    They're more likely to provide suitable food.

3. What are the potential negative effects of using pesticides in gardens?

    They might harm you instead.

    They are very expensive.

    They can harm useful wildlife too.

    You cannot control where they go.

4. What message does Maria convey about the size of a space needed to support wildlife?

    Even a small space can be helpful.

    The bigger your garden, the better.

    If you live in a flat, there's nothing you can do.

    Try and make your garden bigger to help more animals.

5. What would Maria say about trying to help local wildlife.

    You can learn everything you need from a book.

    Choose whether your garden will be for you or the wildlife.

    Even a small gesture can go far.

    It can be a large time commitment so make sure you are ready.

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