C1 Advanced Exam Guide: Word Formation

Reading & Use of English Paper


Context: Part 3 of the Reading & Use of English paper features a text with eight gaps, each accompanied by a stem word in capital letters.

Task: Candidates need to create a suitable word from each given stem word to fill the gaps. The task requires a strong understanding of word formation, including prefixes, suffixes, internal changes, and compounds.

Objective: To test the candidate's lexical knowledge and their ability to apply word formation principles in context.

Scoring & Marks: The eight questions are worth eight points, so one point for each. There are 78 points available for the whole Reading & Use of English paper.

How to Approach

  1. Understanding Word Formation: Familiarise yourself with principles of word formation, including the use of prefixes, suffixes, internal changes, and compounding.
  2. Contextual Understanding: Determine the class of word (noun, verb, adjective, adverb) required for each gap, considering the surrounding text.
  3. Flexibility in Word Forms: Be prepared to form different word types, including plural forms, specific verb parts, or words with negative prefixes.

Example Question

2. After a difficult ________, Michael went on to be a successful lawyer.

Assessment Focus

This section tests vocabulary and grammar through the application of word formation skills in a text context.


How It Looks

example Word Formation question from C1 Advanced
C1 Advanced, Example Word Formation Question

Student Suggestion

"When I record a new word, I will often add common derivative words. Yesterday, I wrote not only "beneficial" but also "beneficiary" in my vocabulary book. Once it becomes a habit, you don't even have to think about it." - Marcel Trossard

Practice Exercises

We have a page on the site to practise: C1 Advanced: Word Formation Exercises

© 2001-2024 esl-lounge.com