Grammar - Pre-Intermediate
'Like' as Verb and Preposition
The word like seems to have many uses in English, some as a verb and some as a preposition:
I like beer.
In the first sentence, we are talking about what someone likes in general, always. In the second, the person is asking for a beer now. In English we use would like to ask for something and not would want as in many languages.
She would like to go to Australia next year.
Like used as a preposition means "similar to" or "the same as".
His house is huge. It's like a palace.
If we want to know general information about a person or place, we can use like in the question:
Q: What is your father like?
Q: What is London like?
We can use look like if we only want physical information:
Q: What does your sister look like?
Note the difference between look and look like in these sentences:
My father looks happy all the time.
So we use:
look + Adjective / Age
Introduction To Phrasal Verbs
If you want to see our phrasal verb section of the site, click here.
Phrasal verbs are verbs that are comprised of a main verb plus a particle, or preposition. Some phrasal verbs have two particles after the main verb!
She gets up at six o'clock every morning.
Phrasal verbs must be learnt individually like normal verbs. Often there is a clue, a help, in the main verb as to its meaning:
She sat down on the sofa.
But often there isn't any help in the main verb:
I didn't want to speak to her, so I hung up.
Once you learn the meaning of a phrasal verb, you then must learn how it can be used. Most importantly, you must learn if it is formal or informal English and if it can be separated or not.
Most phrasal verbs can be separated - that is, the main verb and the particle can have another word, usually the object, in between them.
I got John up at seven o'clock as he had to leave early.
Usually, if we use a pronoun such as it, her, him, etc, this must go between the main verb and the particle.
But you need to learn those that can't be separated:
They got on the bus. NOT
You should treat phrasal verbs like any normal vocabulary. That is to say, you must learn each one individually - its meaning and its use.
'Have' and 'Have Got'
have got is used in some English-speaking countries (not very much in the United States) to mean have, possess.
John has got a big house near the harbour.
Remember to use has in the third person:
Note the contractions used.
This hotel has got two large restaurants.
This television hasn't got an off switch!
Has you car got electric windows?
Note. You cannot use have got to replace have in expressions which do not signify possession.
I have a shower at seven every morning.
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