Grammar - Elementary
Some And Any
We use some and any to talk about quantities of things or something without specifying how much.
I have four pens and six envelopes. We know how many.
Usually we use some and any like this:
We have some beer for the party.
We don't have any beer for the party.
Do we have any beer for the party?
We also use some in questions that either offer or request something.
Would you like some wine with your dinner, sir?
The rules about using capital letters are different in English compared to other languages.
We use capital letters for:
Countries and Cities.
Months of the year and public holidays.
Rivers, Bridges, Theatres, Lakes, Mountains, etc.
All names of people.
We don't use capital letters for:
Seasons of the year.
Simple Verb Patterns
Verbs combine in different ways in English. When two verbs come together there are three possibilities:
1st Verb + 2nd Verb in ____ing form.
Verbs that take this pattern include enjoy and finish.
When I finished cooking, we ate dinner.
1st Verb + 2nd Verb in to ____ form.
Verbs that take this pattern include want, hope and decide.
I want to go to Spain for a year when I finish university.
1st Verb + 2nd Verb without "to".
Modal Verbs like can, will and should take this form plus other verbs such as let.
I can come to the party at eleven o'clock.
Some verbs can take both pattern 1 and pattern 2. These include like, love, hate and begin.
I like to go swimming at the weekends.
Attention. When you learn a new verb, ask your teacher or use a dictionary to find out how it combines with other verbs.
Past Simple "To Be"
I was at my friend's house yesterday evening.
You weren't at home last night.
Where were you at eight o'clock last night?
Note. To make the negative, add "not" after the verb. To make the question, invert the verb and the subject.
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