Grammar - Elementary
There Is - There Are
We use there is or there are to say something exists for the first time.
We use there is in front of single or uncountable nouns and we use there are in front of plural countable nouns.
There is a large airport in Los Angeles.
There are three sofas in the living room.
We do not use "it" to talk about something for the first time.
There is a large bank in Jones Avenue.
But we can use "it" when we talk about something again, a specified thing:
There is a large bank in Jones Avenue. It closes at 4pm.
We use 's to show who owns something.
John's car is red.
If more than one person owns something, we can use s' to show this.
The parents' responsibility is to their children.
If a person's name ends with "s", we can also put the apostrophe after the final letter.
Bess' mother was from Ireland.
Be careful to put the 's at the end of the name of the person who owns the item, not the item that is owned!
Howard's house is very large.
We use "can" to say someone has the ability to do something.
She can dance very well and always goes to discos.
*In all cases, can't can be replaced by cannot.
My mother can play the piano.
We must use can with an infinitive verb directly after it, without "to".
We can go to the cinema after the restaurant.
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