Grammar - Elementary




The Present Simple

We use the present simple to talk about things in general, things which are always true and habits. It's not important if the action is happening at the time of speaking.

Examples:

She works at the hospital.
I love eating fish.
The shop next to the bank sells great pizza.
Brazil exports a lot of wood to the rest of the world.

Positive
I   You
We   They
+ Verb

but

He
She   It
+ Verb +  s 

Examples.

We go to the theatre every Friday.
They speak Spanish very well.
I love to cook at the weekend.

but:

She speaks French.
He smokes cigars and cigarettes.
The bank opens at 9 o'clock.


Present Simple Negative

Negative

Subject + Don't
Doesn't
+ Infinitive Verb

Examples:

They don't live in that house.
We don't want to stay in that hotel.
I don't think it's a good idea.

but:

Sarah doesn't write to me very often.
The President doesn't want to cut taxes.
It often doesn't rain here for months.

Present Simple Questions

Questions

Question Word + Do
Does
+ Subject + Infinitive Verb

Examples:

Where do you live?
What time do your sisters arrive home?
Do we leave now or at five o'clock?

but:

Does your sister work in the city?
How often does your father have a holiday?
Why does the television make that strange noise?

The Learning Lounge - NEW iOS App

screenshot

Our Free App to help you improve your English!

  • Full Grammar explanations.
  • Exercises to help with Grammar, Vocabulary, Listening, Reading and Pronunciation.
  • Authentic English listening and reading materials.
  • Fun, imaginative quizzes and games.
  • Full statistics. Track your progress as your English improves!
  • Download today for FREE!
screenshot

Short Answers

You can use a short form to give answers to questions, using only the auxiliary in the correct form.

Examples:

Q: Does Marion live in a big apartment?
A: Yes, she does. NOT Yes, she lives.

Q: Do your parents like going on winter vacations?
A: No, they don't.




Share With Others

Follow ESL Lounge on Twitter

The English Learning Lounge - our new iPhone/iPad App. Free! More Information | Download Now.

Get information about great new exercises and quizzes like this one. Sign up for our newsletter today.

Share





Follow Us
twitter
facebook